Emamectin Benzoate

Emamectin Benzoate

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Emamectin 72% is a foliar insecticide derivative of abamectin, which is isolated from fermentation
of Streptomyces avermitilis, a naturally occurring soil actinomycete. It acts by stimulating the release
of γ-aminobutyric acid, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, thus causing insect paralysis within hours of

ingestion, and subsequent insect death 2–4 days later. It has registered uses in many countries on fruits, vegetables, cereals, tree nuts, oilseeds, herbs and tea. 


Emamectin exists in various forms: as emamectin (free base), as emamectin benzoate salt (MK244)

and as emamectin hydrochloride (MK243). Emamectin benzoate exists as the anhydrous and various

hydrated forms having different crystal morphologies. The amount of water is nonstoichiometric.

[Merck Index]. Experiments described in this evaluation were carried out with various hydrate forms

of the emamectin benzoate salt.

Emamectin benzoate (MK-0244) is the common name for (4"R)-4"-deoxy-4"-

(methylamino)avermectin B1 benzoate (MAB1), which is a mixture of 4"R)-4"-deoxy-4"-

(methylamino)avermectin B1a benzoate (MAB1a or emamectin B1a benzoate) and 4"R)-4"-deoxy-4"-

(methylamino)avermectin B1b benzoate (MAB1b or emamectin B1b benzoate). The avermectins in

emamectin benzoate are specified as a ratio MAB1a:MAB1b = 90:10 (w/w) and differ by a methylene

group at the C26 alkyl substituent: –CH2CH3 for MAB1a and –CH3 for MAB1b.